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    • The Various and Ingenious Machines of Captain Agostino Ramelli
    • 1588

    Le diverse et artificiose machine belongs to a new genre that emerged in the late 16th century, the "theatre of machines," which offered original mechanical solutions to the problems of everyday life. Ramelli's book…

    • The explanation of the chemical characters
    • 1669

    A key to alchemical and chemical symbols.

    The second edition of Nicaise Le Fèvre's (1610-1669) seminal work was augmented shortly before the death of the author. Popularizing the science of chemistry, select plates…

    • A Compendious Body of Chymistry
    • 1669

    The second edition of Nicaise Le Fèvre's (1610-1669) seminal work was augmented shortly before the death of the author. Popularizing the science of chemistry, select plates have been digitized from both volumes of this…

    • A Compendious Body of Chymistry
    • 1669

    The second edition of Nicaise Le Fèvre's (1610-1669) seminal work was augmented shortly before the death of the author. Popularizing the science of chemistry, select plates have been digitized from both volumes of this…

    • Solar calcination of antimony
    • 1669

    Plate depicts a man standing at a table where sunlight is projected past a mirror, causing the heating of antimony, as illustrated by the plume of smoke emanating from the antimony specimen located on the table. A…

    • Flying boat
    • 1670 (Date attributed to boat design)
    • 1909 (Date attributed to postcard)

    Postcard featuring a hand-drawn illustrated depiction of a flying boat. The illustration is based on the design proposed by Italian mathematician, naturalist, and aeronautics pioneer Francesco Lana de Terzi (1631-1687)…

    • 1783

    Jean Baptiste Marie Meusnier (1754-1793), an officer in the French Royal Corps of Engineers and a mathematician, observed the flight of the hydrogen-filled balloon launched from the Champs de Mars in Paris on August 27,…

    • Flying boat
    • 1783

    Inscribed: "Copié sur celui du Jesuite-Lana."

    Faujas de Saint-Fond’s research for Description des expériences took him to the library of the King, where he consulted the book Prodromo, ouero saggio di alcune inuentioni…

    • Aerostatic machine
    • 1783

    Inscribed: "Machine Aérostatique de 70 Pieds de hauteur sur 46 de Diamètre, qui s’est élevé à Paris, avec deux homme à la hauteur de 324 Pieds le 19. Oct, 1783."

    On October 19, 1783, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier…

    • Aerostatic machine
    • 1783

    Inscribed: "de Mr. Montgolfier, construite dans le Jardin de Mr. Reveillon, rue de Montreuil Fauxbourg St. Antoine, aux dépens de l’Académie Royale des Sciences."

    Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier (1745-1799) assembled this…

    • 1783

    Illustration relating to the experiment that resulted in the world’s first hydrogen-filled balloon, conducted in Paris in August 1783, in which a taffeta balloon with a rubber coating was filled with hydrogen gas…

    • 1783

    Jean Baptiste Marie Meusnier (1754-1793), an officer in the French Royal Corps of Engineers and a mathematician, observed the flight of the hydrogen-filled balloon launched from the Champs de Mars in Paris on August 27,…

    • Faucet
    • 1783

    This plate illustrates the parts and mechanism of the faucet used to control the gas in the first hydrogen-filled balloon, launched from the Champs de Mars in Paris on August 27, 1783. In the illustration on Plate 3,…

    • 1783

    This case was designed by the Robert brothers, Anne-Jean (1758-1820) and Nicolas Louis (1761-1828) Robert to quickly produce large quantities of hydrogen gas through the reaction of sulfuric acid with iron filings. The…

    • Description of the aerostatic machine experiments of Mr. & Mr. Montgolfier
    • 1783

    Barthélemy Faujas de Saint-Fond’s Description des expériences assembles first-hand observations, research, technical descriptions, letters, tables, diagrams, and illustrations related to the groundbreaking experiments…

    • Première Montgolfière, sans passagers
    • 1909 (Date attributed to postcard)
    • 1783-Jun-04 (Date attributed to balloon flight)

    Postcard featuring a hand-drawn illustrated depiction of a globe-shaped flying balloon. The illustration depicts the first successful public hot air balloon demonstration on June 4, 1783 by French brothers Joseph-Michel…

    • First hydrogen gas balloon
    • 1909 (Date attributed to postcard)
    • 1783-Dec-01 (Date attributed to balloon flight)

    Postcard featuring a hand-drawn illustrated depiction of a flying air balloon with a French flag. The illustration depicts the first flight of a gas air balloon on December 1, 1783 by French brothers Anne-Jean Robert…

    • Dirigeable du Blanchard
    • 1784 (Date attributed to balloon flight)
    • 1909 (Date attributed to postcard)

    Postcard featuring a hand-drawn illustrated depiction of a flying airship with oars. The illustration depicts a type of airship with oar-like propulsion mechanisms designed and flown by French balloonist Jean-Pierre…

    • Guyot's balloon
    • 1909 (Date attributed to postcard)
    • 1784 (Date attributed to balloon design)

    Postcard featuring a hand-drawn illustrated depiction of a hot air balloon in the style of an airship with a sail and oars for steering. The design of the balloon is credited to "Guyot," likely referring to the author…

    • Dirigeable de Guyton de Morveau et de Vitry
    • 1784 (Date attributed to balloon flight)
    • 1909 (Date attributed to postcard)

    Postcard featuring a hand-drawn illustrated depiction of a flying airship with assorted propulsion mechanisms and a French flag. The illustration depicts a type of airship flown by French chemist and politician…

    • 1789

    This work by Antoine Laurent Lavoisier is widely considered the first of its kind in modern chemical literature. Select digitized content includes front cover, frontismatter, woodcut vignettes, as well as thirteen…

    • Parachute of André-Jacques Garnerin
    • 1909 (Date attributed to postcard)
    • 1797-Oct-22 (Date attributed to parachute demonstration)

    Postcard featuring a hand-drawn illustrated depiction of the descent of French balloonist André-Jacques Garnerin (1769-1823) in a frameless parachute of his own design. The Official Aeronaut of France, Garnerin staged…

    • 1811

    Fig. 1: La baguette à rouler, the rolling pin.
    Fig. 2: La table à rouler, the rolling table.
    Fig. 3: La varlope à mouler, the plank for molding.
    Fig. 4: L'entrangloir, choking frame.
    Fig. 5: La table à charger, the…

    • 1811

    Fig. 1: L'outillage de fusées volantes, tooling for rockets.
         a: La baguette d'entrée, the entry rod.
    b: La première baguette à charger, the first charging rod.
    c: La deuxième baguette à charger, the…