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    • 1921

    Exhibition program for "The Chemical Exhibit" installed at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C. circa 1921. The central feature of the exhibit is a topographical model showing coal tar and other chemical…

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. II
    • 1880

    Front elevation and plan of Alfred Fryer's concretor, an apparatus used for evaporating cane juice rapidly, "to concentrate as cheaply and efficiently as possible the juice which is supplied to it; turning it at once…

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. II
    • 1880

    Thomas' apparatus for melting sulfur by steam.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. II
    • 1880

    Elevation and plan of the Franklin Oil Works petroleum refinery in Philadelphia.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. II
    • 1880

    Elevation, longitudinal section, and ground plan of a pyrites kiln for burning sulfur to produce sulfuric acid.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. II
    • 1880

    Vacuum pan for evaporating water from solutions of sugar in refineries and beet-root sugar factories.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Machinery for the manufacture of gun-cotton (nitrocellulose):

    Poacher for washing the gun cotton pulp. Vat and mixing machine. No. 1 Hydraulic press. No. 2 Hydraulic press.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Machinery for the manufacture of gun-cotton (nitrocellulose):

    Carding cotton to prepare it for dipping in acids. Drying cotton before dipping. Section of drying tube. Dipping and placing the steeped cotton in pots. Pot…

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Equipment used to rectify ether, or concentrate by distillation.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Mohr's arrangement of equipment for rectification of ether, or distillation.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Cylindrical stills for the manufacture of benzene.

    Now termed benzene, "benzol" is a hydrocarbon first discovered by Michael Faraday in 1825, in the liquid which resulted from the compression of illuminating gases…

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Ether, also called diethyl ether, is a volatile flammable liquid obtained by distilling a mixture of alcohol with an acid. It is used as a solvent, as an intermediate in chemical synthesis, and as a general anesthetic. …

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Two examples of Gramme's machines for electro-metallurgy.

    "This machine differs from all other magneto-electric machines at present known, inasmuch as it is the only one that gives a continuous current in one…

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Brunton's calcinor, a reverberatory furnace used for the metallurgical process of roasting or calcination of tin ores containing arsenical pyrites.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Apparatus for the fractional distillation of aniline oils.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Apparatus by Laugier expressly adapted for the distillation of fermented saccharine liquors.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Still patented by James Miller for the distillation of alcohol.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Still patented by William Pontifex generally used for the distillation of rum.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Still by Siemen used for the distillation of brandy.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Distilling apparatus by Pierre Alègre for the production of alcohol.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Still patented by Johann Heinrich Leberecht Pistorius used for the distillation of fermented worts, etc.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Steam distilling apparatus for the production of alcohol.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Still improved upon by Charles Derosne for the continuous distillation of alcohol.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Still patented by Edward Adam for the distillation of alcohol.

    • Part of Encyclopædia of Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical, as Applied to the Arts and Manufacturers, Vol. I
    • 1877

    Apparatus used to form acetic acid by distillation and Mohr's table showing specific gravity in relation to amounts of acetic acid.