Two-page article from the "News Edition" of the magazine of the American Chemical Society profiling Dr. Eugene Cornelius Sullivan (1872-1962).
Eugene C. Sullivan was born on January 23, 1872 in Elgin, Illinois and educated at the University of Michigan, where he earned his Bachelor’s degree in chemistry in 1894. He then undertook postgraduate study in Germany at the University of Göttingen and the University of Leipzig, where he earned his PhD in 1899. Upon returning to the United States, Dr. Sullivan taught at the University of Michigan until 1904 and then worked for the Geological Survey until 1908. In 1908, he began working as a chemist for the Corning Glass Company in Corning, New York.
When Sullivan entered the glass industry, glass was a relatively new field of research. At the time, train crashes were common, as extreme temperature changes throughout the year put stress on the glass globes enclosing railroad signals, often causing them to shatter. To address this problem, Sullivan developed a new borosilicate formula, which was applied to the creation of heat-shock-resistant, shatterproof globes. Additionally, Dr. Sullivan is best known for his development of low-expansion glasses of great durability, which would later become the Pyrex brand used for chemical glassware and cooking utensils.
For his accomplishments, Eugene C. Sullivan was awarded the Howard N. Potts Medal of the Franklin Institute in 1928, the Perkin Medal in 1929, an honorary Doctorate of Science from the University of Michigan in 1933, and an industrial pioneer award in 1939. He was an active member of the Directors of Industrial Research and the School Board in Corning. Eugene C. Sullivan died on May 12, 1962.
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“American Contemporaries Article Profiling Dr. Eugene Cornelius Sullivan (1872-1962).” American Chemical Society, 1940. Box 35, Folder "Su". Science History Institute. Philadelphia. https://digital.sciencehistory.org/works/mp48sd794.
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