Oral history interview with William S. Knowles

Oral history interview with William S. Knowles

  • 2008-Jan-30

William S. Knowles begins his oral history by discussing his early life during the Great Depression and his education, including time at Harvard University and Columbia University. Knowles spent the majority of his career at Monsanto Company, where he moved from studies of vanillin to research on steroid chemistry and L-Dopa, among other topics. Knowles discusses the many projects he worked on while at Monsanto, his 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and the challenges of being an industrial scientist.

Place of interview
Original file type PDF, MP3
  • 144 pages
Rights In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
Rights holder
  • Science History Institute
Related URL
Credit line
  • Courtesy of Science History Institute

Physical location


Cite as

William S. Knowles, interviewed by Michael A. Grayson in St. Louis, Missouri on January 30, 2008. Philadelphia: Science History Institute, n.d. Oral History Transcript 0406. https://digital.sciencehistory.org/works/pc289k25p.

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Transcript (Published Version)

The published version of the transcript may diverge from the interview audio due to edits to the transcript made by staff of the Center for Oral History, often at the request of the interviewee, during the transcript review process.

Complete Interview Audio File Web-quality download

4 Separate Interview Segments Archival-quality downloads