Oral history interview with Stuart Winston Churchill

Oral history interview with Stuart Winston Churchill

  • 1985-Mar-21 (First session)
  • 1985-Mar-28 (Second session)

Stuart Churchill begins with background information about his family and early education. He then describes his undergraduate years at the University of Michigan, where he was quite active in the mathematics department as well as in chemical engineering. After working in industry for five years, at Shell Oil and Frontier Chemical, he returned to Michigan for graduate school. There, he began both his extensive research on heat transfer, natural convection, and combustion, as well as his career in teaching. After earning his Ph.D. and a position on Michigan's faculty, he began work on several military projects in the nuclear field. In addition, he served on the National Council of and as president of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. He was also active in industrial consultation. After acquiring increasing administrative responsibilities as chairman of the department, he chose to move to the University of Pennsylvania to return his focus to research and teaching. His students were always a top priority, and throughout the interview he frequently alludes to his close, continuing relationships with them. He also stresses the dramatic impact of increased use of applied mathematics and improved computer technology on chemical engineering. Churchill concludes the interview with a brief discussion of his current work, his family life, and his leisure activities.

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Interviewee
Interviewer
Place of interview
Format
Original file type PDF, MP3
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Extent
  • 105 pages
Language
Subject
Rights Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License
Rights holder
  • Science History Institute
Credit line
  • Courtesy of Science History Institute

About the Interviewers

Jeffrey L. Sturchio is president and CEO of the Global Health Council. Previously he served as vice president of corporate responsibility at Merck & Co., president of the Merck Company Foundation, and chairman of the U.S. Corporate Council on Africa. Sturchio is currently a visiting scholar at the Institute for Applied Economics and the Study of Business Enterprise at Johns Hopkins University and a member of the Global Agenda Council on the Healthy Next Generation of the World Economic Forum. He received an AB in history from Princeton University and a PhD in the history and sociology of science from the University of Pennsylvania.

Joseph C. Marchese received a BS in physics from St. John’s University, an MA in physics from Columbia University, an MA in history of science from the University of Notre Dame, and a PhD in history of science from Princeton University. He has taught high school physics, mathematics, and chemistry, and has held positions at Visual Education Corporation and Mathematical Policy Research, Inc. He served as a consultant to CHF's Beckman Center for the History of Chemistry in 1984–1985.

Physical location

Department
Collection

Interviewee biographical information

Born
  • June 13, 1920
  • Imlay City, Michigan, United States
Died
  • March 24, 2016
  • Glen Mills, Pennsylvania, United States

Education

Year Institution Degree Discipline
1942 University of Michigan BS Engineering Chemical Engineering
1942 University of Michigan BS Engineering Engineering Mathematics
1948 University of Michigan MS Engineering Chemical Engineering
1952 University of Michigan PhD Chemical Engineering

Professional Experience

Shell Oil Company

  • 1942 to 1946 Technologist

Frontier Chemical Company

  • 1946 to 1947 Technical Supervisor

University of Michigan

  • 1948 to 1949 Research Assistant, Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering
  • 1949 to 1950 Research Associate, Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering
  • 1950 to 1952 Instructor, Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering
  • 1952 to 1955 Assistant Professor, Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering
  • 1955 to 1957 Associate Professor, Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering
  • 1957 to 1967 Professor, Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering
  • 1961 to 1967 Chairman, Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering

University of Pennsylvania

  • 1967 to 1990 Carl V.S. Patterson Professor of Chemical Engineering
  • 1990 to 2016 Carl V.S. Patterson Professor Emeritus of Chemical Engineering

Honors

Year(s) Award
1961 Phi Lambda Upsilon Award for Outstanding Teaching and Leadership, University of Michigan
1961 Citation for Research Contributions, Air Force Aeronautical Systems Division
1964 Professional Progress Award, American Institute of Chemical Engineers
1966 Honorary Fellow, Chemical Institute of Canada
1966 President, American Institute of Chemical Engineers
1969 William H. Walker Award, American Institute of Chemical Engineers
1971 Elected Fellow, American Institute of Chemical Engineers
1974 Elected Member, National Academy of Engineering
1977 S. Reid Warren, Jr., Award for Excellence in Teaching, University of Pennsylvania
1977 Visiting Researcher Award, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
1978 Warren K. Lewis Award, American Institute of Chemical Engineers
1979 Max Jakob Award in Heat Transfer, American Society of Mechanical Engineers and American Institute of Chemical Engineers
1980 Founders Award, American Institute of Chemical Engineers
1981 Special Honorary Issue, Chemical Engineering Communications
1983 Diamond Jubilee Medallion, American Institute of Chemical Engineers Heat Transfer and Energy Conversion Division
1983 Eminent Chemical Engineer, Diamond Jubilee of the American Institute for Chemical Engineers
1983 Elected Corresponding Member, Verein Deutscher Ingenieure
1987 Featured Engineer, Chemical Engineering Progress

Cite as

Stuart Winston Churchill, interviewed by Sturchio, Jeffrey L. (Jeffrey Louis) in University of Pennsylvania on March 21, 1985. Philadelphia: Science History Institute, n.d. Oral History Transcript 0016. https://digital.sciencehistory.org/works/td96k359n.

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PDF — 446 KB
Churchill_SW_0016_FULL.pdf

The published version of the transcript may diverge from the interview audio due to edits to the transcript made by staff of the Center for Oral History, often at the request of the interviewee, during the transcript review process.

Complete Interview Audio File Web-quality download

10 Separate Interview Segments Archival-quality downloads