General view of a German aircraft with a Plexiglas windshield and nose panels. Per notations accompanying the photograph, the plane is identified as a Heinkel-Flugzeug HE 111, a type of bomber designed to masquerade as a civilian aircraft due to restrictions placed on German military capabilities following World War I. Notably, a swastika is visible on the tail of the aircraft.
The Rohm and Haas Company was founded in 1907 in Esslingen, Germany through the partnership of German chemist Otto Röhm and German businessman Otto Haas. In 1933, Röhm's experiments with the polymerization of methyl methacrylate led to the creation of a clear, solid plastic sheet, which he trademarked Plexiglas. During World War II, the demand for Plexiglas, which both Allied and Axis forces used for submarine periscopes and aircraft windshields, canopies, and gun turrets, helped transform Rohm and Haas into a major chemical firm.
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Rohm and Haas Company. “German Aircraft Featuring Plexiglas,” 1935–1945. Rohm & Haas Company Archives, Box Photos 18, Folder 13. Science History Institute. Philadelphia. https://digital.sciencehistory.org/works/wm117p70d.
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